Ten Methods to Maintain Conveyor Belt System Performance – Part I

A belt conveyor is designed to convey a variety of light and heavy weight materials. These can include food ingredients, rocks, concrete, and metal sheets. However, the success of a conveyor belt in a factory depends on its speed, and smooth lateral movement. The lateral movement is more important, as it allows the belt to travel quickly to different parts of the factory.

When your conveyor belt system suffers from a jerky operation, shutting it down for repairs can lead to immense downtime. This is why conveyor belt manufacturers suggest helpful tips to keep the operation of the conveyor belt running smoothly. This is a two part blog, which will elaborate on ten solutions. This post will be looking at the first five tips.

Five Belt Slippage Prevention Methods

The following points are advice given by manufacturers to ensure that their customers can get the best service from their conveyor belt products.

  1. Choose the Right Conveyor: The type of conveyor you use will decide whether it will support your factory processes or not. Belt manufacturers provide a variety of options, including cleated, self-tracking, and aluminum belts. The best way to find the right system is to speak to the technical departments of various suppliers. They can help you with the information required to find the right belt conveyor that meets your requirements.
  1. Maintain the System: If you want your conveyor belt system to last a lifetime, then it needs to be properly maintained. If the belt is dirty, rusted, or is gummed up, then the performance will reduce immensely. Ensure that you schedule complete cleaning, inspection and maintenance operations at least once a month, if not more.
  1. Inspect the Bearings: Damaged or loose bearings can cause many problems to a conveyor belt system. They can cause the pulleys to bind with each other. They can slow the belt movement, and also cause the motor to create excessive torque. The best solution is to use self-aligning bearings. They are inexpensive in terms of cost and installation, and require little maintenance and lubrication.
  1. Check System Wear and Pulley Alignment: The pulleys are responsible for belt tensioning. When they are not aligned, or improperly installed, the tension will be uneven. If this is not fixed in time, it can cause the belt to stretch on one side. Hence, always ensure that the pulleys are properly installed after maintenance. Also, when loading the material, place it in the center of the conveyor belt.
  1. Prevent Belt Slippage: Improper belt tensioning is also a reason behind belt slippage. It can also be caused by an extremely heavy load. The easiest solution is to tighten the belt to the right specifications. You can also use knurled pulleys, provided the belt is not loose. Always ensure that the system is designed to handle the loads created in the factory. This will prevent belt slippage.

These are the first five solution driven methods to maintain conveyor belt performance. The remaining five points will be discussed in the next post.

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