Ten Methods to Maintain Conveyor Belt System Performance – Part II

In the previous post, we had discussed the first five solutions to maintain conveyor belt performance. In this post, we will look at the remaining five methods.

Remaining Five Conveyor Belt Performance Methods

The points below are related to the motor drive, worn parts, motor cleaning, conveyor positioning, and conveyor installation.

  1. Check whether the Conveyor Motor and Drive are Suitable for the Application: Many times, a conveyor is used for a new application, or is shifted to a new plant that requires conveying of different parts. If the conveyor is not designed for the parts or application, then the motor and drive will not be able to provide requisite power needed. In such situations, it is always a good idea to check with the manufacturer to ensure that the motor and drive can perform as required. If not, you can enquire about drive units and motors that are suitable for upgrading the machine.
  1. Position the Conveyor to create Pulling Motions: In the previous post, we had written a point or adequate pulley alignment to ensure proper belt tensioning. The pulleys of the drive and motor are designed to push or pull the loaded belt. Always ensure that the pulleys are pulling the load rather than pushing it. The reason for this is, conveyor belt loses nearly 70% of its load capacity when the load is pushed. This why conveyor system manufacturers always suggest pulling rather than pushing methods. Pushing should be used only when it is required, and when the pulling mechanism is working.
  1. Replace Deteriorated Parts: Deteriorated parts are a common reason for conveyor breakdowns. A good way to prevent this from happening is to check the state of major parts during the maintenance processes. You can check with the supplier to know about parts that will wear out faster than the others. In terms of replacement parts, it is essential to purchase genuine components. Buying cheap parts will lead to a higher number of breakdowns. When replacing a part, keep a watch on the turnaround time. If a part takes too long to be replaced, you can buy those parts ahead of time.
  1. Ensure the Cooling Fans are kept Clean: If you are using an AC conveyor motor, then it will likely have cooling fans in its design to keep the motor cool. The performance of the cooling fans can deteriorate if the motor casing is dirty, or if the fan ports are blocked. Also, continual usage can lead to the wings of the fans to become dirty with dirt and dust. All these factors can lead to the motor heating up. Hence, it is important to ensure that the cooling fans, their ports, and the motor casing are cleaned regularly.
  1. Bolt Down Permanent Conveyors: If a conveyor system is designed to be a permanent fixture in a factory, then it would be wiser to bolt it down. This can ensure safer operation along with efficient conveyor performance. When permanently installing a conveyor, ensure that it is bolted down properly. Otherwise, there are chances of the load falling from the conveyor when bumped into.


Tips and Warnings

  • Familiarize the conveyor operators with the warning signs and stickers.
  • Increase the motor’s horsepower, when the conveyor’s speed needs to be increased.
  • Always refer to the installation, repair, and maintenance manuals when in doubt.

The conveyor belt system is fast, efficient, and helpful in increasing a plant’s productivity. This can be maintained with proper installation, operation, and maintenance. Keeping the various points of the two blogs in mind can help ensure that your conveyor system provides long-lasting performance.

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